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Classification Of Living Organisms Homework And Study Guide Answer Key




Classification of Living Organisms Homework and Study Guide Answer Key


Classification of Living Organisms Homework and Study Guide Answer Key




Classification of living organisms is the process of grouping them based on their similarities and differences. This helps us to understand the diversity and relationships among living things. There are different systems of classification, but one of the most widely used is the Linnaean system, which was developed by Carl Linnaeus in the 18th century.


The Linnaean System of Classification




The Linnaean system of classification divides living organisms into seven hierarchical categories: kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, and species. Each category is more specific and contains fewer members than the previous one. For example, all living organisms belong to one of the five kingdoms: animals, plants, fungi, protists, or prokaryotes. Within each kingdom, there are several phyla (plural of phylum), which are further divided into classes, and so on. The smallest and most specific category is the species, which consists of a group of organisms that can interbreed and produce fertile offspring.


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The scientific name of a species is composed of two parts: the genus name and the species name. For example, the scientific name of humans is Homo sapiens, where Homo is the genus and sapiens is the species. The scientific name is always written in italics, and the genus name is capitalized while the species name is not. The scientific name is also called the binomial name or the binomial nomenclature.


Examples of Classification




Here are some examples of how different organisms are classified using the Linnaean system:




Organism


Kingdom


Phylum


Class


Order


Family


Genus


Species




Lion


Animalia


Chordata


Mammalia


Carnivora


Felidae


Panthera


Panthera leo




Sunflower


Plantae


Magnoliophyta


Magnoliopsida


Asterales


Asteraceae


Helianthus


Helianthus annuus




Mushroom


Fungi


Basidiomycota


Agaricomycetes


Agaricales


Agaricaceae


Agaricus


Agaricus bisporus










Here is the continuation of the HTML article on the topic of "Classification of Living Organisms Homework and Study Guide Answer Key":


Classification of Living Organisms Homework and Study Guide Answer Key


Classification of Living Organisms Homework and Study Guide Answer Key




Classification of living organisms is the process of grouping them based on their similarities and differences. This helps us to understand the diversity and relationships among living things. There are different systems of classification, but one of the most widely used is the Linnaean system, which was developed by Carl Linnaeus in the 18th century.


The Linnaean System of Classification




The Linnaean system of classification divides living organisms into seven hierarchical categories: kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, and species. Each category is more specific and contains fewer members than the previous one. For example, all living organisms belong to one of the five kingdoms: animals, plants, fungi, protists, or prokaryotes. Within each kingdom, there are several phyla (plural of phylum), which are further divided into classes, and so on. The smallest and most specific category is the species, which consists of a group of organisms that can interbreed and produce fertile offspring.


The scientific name of a species is composed of two parts: the genus name and the species name. For example, the scientific name of humans is Homo sapiens, where Homo is the genus and sapiens is the species. The scientific name is always written in italics, and the genus name is capitalized while the species name is not. The scientific name is also called the binomial name or the binomial nomenclature.


Examples of Classification




Here are some examples of how different organisms are classified using the Linnaean system:




Organism


Kingdom


Phylum


Class


Order


Family


Genus


Species




Lion


Animalia


Chordata


Mammalia


Carnivora


Felidae


Panthera


Panthera leo




Sunflower


Plantae


Magnoliophyta


Magnoliopsida


Asterales


Asteraceae


Helianthus


Helianthus annuus






Mushroom


Fungi


Basidiomycota


Agaricomycetes


Agaricales


Agaricaceae


Agaricus


Agaricus bisporus





Amoeba


Protista


Sarcomastigophora


Lobosea


Tubulinea


Acanthamoebidae


AcanthamoebaAcanthamoeba castellanii













Bacteria


Prokaryota


Proteobacteria


Gammaproteobacteria


Enterobacterales


Enterobacteriaceae


Escherichia


Escherichia coli






Conclusion




In this article, we have learned about the classification of living organisms using the Linnaean system. We have seen how living organisms are grouped into seven categories: kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, and species. We have also seen some examples of how different organisms are classified and named using this system. Classification of living organisms helps us to understand the diversity and relationships among living things. It also helps us to identify and study new species and to organize our knowledge about life on Earth.





References




[1] Classification of living organisms - Classification of living ... - BBC. [1](


[2] Linnaean taxonomy - Wikipedia. [2](


[3] Binomial nomenclature - Wikipedia. [3](


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